Archive for the ‘Born to Read’ Category

Born to Read: Letter Knowledge

Thursday, August 11th, 2011

Learning how to read is not just about reciting the alphabet.

There are 6 early literacy skills that will help your child learn to read, including:

Letter knowledge is understanding that letters are different from one another and that they have different names and sounds. There are many different ways to encourage letter knowledge in your child.

  • Help your baby recognize simple shapes like circles and squares. When pointing out the shapes of toys, describe it out loud by saying, “This ball is round” and “This block has corners.”
  • Read alphabet books and sing alphabet songs to introduce your baby or toddler to letters.
  • When children are ready to learn about letters, start with letters that are the most interesting to them, such as the first letter of their name.

Check out this list of suggested books for developing letter knowledge skills.

Launching Young Readers

Wednesday, December 22nd, 2010

We just got a video series that I am SO excited about I can’t wait another minute to share it with you.  Please allow me to introduce Reading Rockets: Launching Young Readers.

Each 30 minute episode of this series designed just for parents and  caregivers like you is bursting with useful and accessible information about early literacy and childhood development.  Although they’re incredibly informative, the shows are far from boring — guest hosts like Jaime Lee Curtis, LeVar Burton (you remember Reading Rainbow, right?), and Mr. Rogers keep it entertaining, and tips you can take home and use with your kids right away provide instant gratification.

I can’t really express how much I love this series.  It does such a great job of explaining just how crucial reading, rhyming, and early literacy based activities are to a child’s development and school readiness without being overwhelming or overly technical.

The following clip is a great example.  Did you know that pontential reading difficulties can be discovered literally days after a child is born?  Check out the video to learn more:

Research has shown the earlier we can intervene with children who are having a hard time learning to read, the more effective the interverntion is.  Approximately 90-95% of poor readers can reach average reading skills with early intervention.  But, when intervention is delayed until 9 years of age, 75% of those children will still have reading problems in 12th grade.  Can you imagine what an amazing head start a child would have if pontential reading disorders were discovered this early?

And I love that nursery rhymes are specifically mentioned.  Phonological awareness, or the ability to hear and play with the smaller parts of words, is an essential skill for decoding the written word.  Kids who have a hard time rhyming in Kindergarten tend to have much more difficulty learning to read than those who are proficient rhymers.  So when you recite nursery rhymes to your sleepy newborn or sing The Itsy Bitsy Spider with your active toddler, you’re helping to build a skill that will be crucial to her future reading success!

Check out the videos and if you love them as much as I do, spend some time on the Launching Young Readers website.  It provides complete overviews of each episode, as well as tons of tips and additional resources.  I feel like I need to write these guys a thank you card.

Read This: Higher! Higher!

Wednesday, July 21st, 2010

Higher!  Higher! by Leslie Patricelli

A little girl being pushed on a swing has just one request:  Higher!  Higher! 

Her grown up pal happily complies, pushing the girl so high that she makes friends with a giraffe, some kids playing board games on the roof of an apartment building, a mountain climber, travelers on a plane, and many others.

Kids will delight in this fantastical story.  And with only a handful of words in the entire book, many will be able to read it on their own!  Or you can sharpen your child’s vocabulary and narrative skills by having her tell you the story or describe what’s happening in the pictures.

If Higher!  Higher! isn’t in and you can’t stand the wait, check out some of Leslie Patricelli’s other books.  She’s quickly becoming one of my favorite authors!

How to Operate Your New Book

Tuesday, April 20th, 2010

I wasn’t going to do another picture book review for a while, but my Move with Music kids’ reaction this morning to My Heart is Like a Zoo by Michael Hall made me rethink my position.

I confess, I didn’t pick this book for storytime.  In fact, the first time I read it I thought, “Eh.”  It was cute, but I didn’t see anything special about it.  It’s just about a bunch of animals.  “My heart is like a zoo — eager as a beaver, steady as a yak,” etc., etc., etc., as the King of Siam would say.  That’s been done before.

But for reasons I cannot explain, the kids loved it.  Sometimes that just happens.  Even better, this also happens to be a great book for several of the early literacy skills.  The fact that the kids loved it, well there’s your print motivation (interest in and enjoyment of books) right there.

And all the animals are composed almost entirely of hearts.  As you may recall from this post, shape recognition is the first step of letter knowledge.  Kids need to be able to pick out the differences in shapes in order to recognize letters and subsequently assign meaning to them.  And of course the kids had so much fun pointing out all the different hearts in the pictures:  “The feet are hearts!  And the nose is a heart!  And look, the bee’s wings are hearts!”  That alone is super cute, once you get past the grown up tendency to shout, “Yes, they’re ALL hearts!”

The text is in rhyme, which is great for phonological awareness (hearing and playing with the smaller sounds in words).  That is, if you can hear the text over all the shouts of locating hearts all over the place.  All that talking, by the way, does great things for your kid’s narrative skills (ability to tell a story).

And finally, this is a great vocabulary book for several reasons.  You’ve got all the different animals, some of which are a bit unusual such as heron, yak and hornet.  And the text itself is a bit adventurous.  The fox is crafty.  There’s a gloomy lone coyote walking in the fog.  The peaceful portly walrus is lounging on a towel.  I don’t know about you, but I don’t use these words very frequently, and I don’t often see them in kids’ books.

So here’s this great, multi-faceted book that I would have completely overlooked had it not been for the programming prowess of Mr. Michael.  Which leads to the title of this post.  Although I often wish they did, books don’t come with owner’s manuals.  But with a little creativity, even seemingly simple books can offer big learning opportunities!

And by the way, Move with Music is just about over for the season.  If you just can’t wait until fall to get your groove on again, check out Get Musical this summer!

Early Literacy Tip: Best Books for Narrative Skills

Wednesday, April 14th, 2010

Last week’s book review mentioned narrative skills, so I thought I’d take a moment to give you a little more information.  A child who can describe things and events and tell a story has well developed narrative skills.  Being able to talk about and explain what happens in a story helps a child understand what he is reading.  In other words, good narrative skills lead to good reading comprehension.

This is the most difficult of the early literacy skills to work on, largely because it requires the most parental involvement!  The easiest way to work on your child’s narrative skills is to talk to her — or more appropriately, have her talk to you — as much as possible.  Ask her about her about her day, then ask questions to get her to explain even more.  Have her “read” you a wordless picture book.  Read a book with a repeating theme and ask your child to predict what will happen next.  Read a book a couple of times, then ask your child to tell it back to you in their own words.  Check out our narrative skills page for even more suggestions!

More great books for building narrative skills!

Read This! Chalk by Bill Thompson

Tuesday, April 6th, 2010

Chalk by Bill Thompson

A rainy day.  Three kids at the park.  A bag of chalk.  Magic! 

Big and little kids alike will delight in the lifelike illustrations of this wordless picture book.  Have your child “read” this story to you, then have your very own book club.  Talk about how the kids in the story might have felt.  Ask what your child would draw if they had magic chalk.  Would magic chalk be a good or a bad thing?  These are great activities for enhancing your child’s narrative skills!

More new picture books!  More stories without words!

Early Literacy Tip: Best Books for Print Awareness

Wednesday, March 31st, 2010

Print Awareness simply means that your child notices print, understands that it means something, and knows how to handle a book.  Children with well developed print awareness know how to hold a books the right way up, that books have a cover, a front and back, and eventually understand that we read from from top to bottom and left to right.

An easy way to help develop your child’s print awareness is to occassionally point to words as you read them.  Let your child turn the pages as you read.  Books with different sized or expressive text, or signs and words as part of the illustrations, also draw the child’s eye.  Find a book with a phrase that repeats and have your child help say it when you point to it. 

Or try this silly tip — open a book upside down and say, “That’s funny, I can’t read this book!  I wonder what’s wrong.”  If your child can’t figure it out right away, say, “Oh, look, it’s upside down!  Silly me!”   Be sure to point out the text and illustrate what it looks like upside down and right way up.

It’s also easy to work on print awareness without books.  Words are everywhere!  Point out street signs, signs in the grocery store, or print on the cereal box.  For more early literacy tips, check out our Born to Read pages.

More great print awareness books!

Early Literacy Tip: Best Books for Phonological Awareness

Wednesday, December 23rd, 2009

This early literacy skill might sound intimidating, but it’s actually quite fun!   Phonological awareness is simply the ability to hear and play with the smaller sounds in words.  There are so many easy ways help your child develop phonological awareness!  Singing is great because words are broken into smaller chunks when the pitch moves up and down.  Rhyming is also great, and clapping on every syllable of a word is surprisingly fun for the kiddies.  Try this fun chant:

Who took the cookies from the cookie jar?
Who took the cookies from the cookie jar?
Who took the cookies from the cookie jar?
{Insert child’s name} took the cookies from the cookie jar! (clap on each syllable of child’s name)
Who, me?
Yes, you!
Couldn’t be!
Then who?
{Insert sibling’s name/mom/grandma, etc.} Took the cookies from the cookie jar!
Who, me?
Yes, you!
Couldn’t be!
Then who?
Continue with as many names as you want, then end with someone funny — daddy, or cookie monster, or Santa — taking all the cookies!

More great phonological awareness, rhyming, and nursery rhyme books!

More info on the six early literacy skills: print motivation, vocabulary, print awareness, letter knowledge, phonological awareness, and narrative skills.

Early Literacy Tip: Best Books for Letter Knowledge

Wednesday, December 9th, 2009

Gather ’round, ya’ll, it’s time for the next installment in our series of posts about the six early literacy skills: print motivation, vocabulary, print awareness, letter knowledge, phonological awareness, and narrative skills.

Letter knowledge is understanding that letters are different from one another, and that they have different names and sounds.  Older kids can work on this skill by reading fun alphabet books, picking out favorite letters on signs, or playing a game to see how many words they can think of that start with the same sound/letter.  You can work on early literacy skills anywhere and anytime with a little creativity!

Babies start developing letter knowledge by learning about shapes.  Think of it this way — the only difference between a lower case “n” and a lower case “h” is the height of the stem.  If your child is used to looking at shapes and can differentiate one from another, it’ll be much easier for them to pick out different letter shapes when the time comes.

More books for developing letter knowledge!

Early Literacy Tip: Best Books for Vocabulary

Monday, November 23rd, 2009

A few weeks ago, we introduced you to the six early literacy skills: print motivation, vocabulary, print awareness, letter knowledge, phonological awareness, and narrative skills.

Vocabulary is simply knowing the names of things.  The larger your child’s vocabulary the better they’ll be able to express themselves, avoiding unnecessary frustration.  When your child has the words to explain what they’re feeling, it’s easier on both of you.  Furthermore, children with larger vocabularies have a head start when they learn to read because it’s much easier to sound out words that are familiar to them.

More great books for developing vocabulary!  And don’t forget to check out our Born to Read page for more early literacy information and tips!